Description: 
Type:  Pinyin:  Years Cast  State 
Pointed
Shoulder Spade Money 
布币  bubi  500400 BC  Zhou 
Sloping
Shoulder Spade Money 
卢 氏  lu shi  400300 BC  Zhou 
Square Foot Spade
Money 
公  gong  350250 BC  
Zhou Round
Coin 
一化  yi hua  300220 BC  Yan 
Three
Hole Spade 
三孔布 
san kong bu 
300250 BC 
Zhao? Zhong Shan? 
Type: 
Inscription:  Pinyin:  Years Cast 
State
of Qin ban liang ("drilled hole" variety) 
半两 
ban liang  475 BC  207 BC 
Qin ban liang  半两  ban liang  221 BC  207 BC 
Qin
ban liang with dots (stars) 
半两  ban liang  221 BC  207 BC 
Qin/Han
transitional
ban liang 
半两  ban liang  Late Qin/Early Han 
Qin/Han
transitional
ban liang with reversed inscription 
两半  liang ban 
Late Qin/Early Han 
Description 
Inscription  Pinyin  Type 
Years Cast  Emperor 
Elm seed ban liang 
半两  ban liang  Elm Seed (yu jia 榆荚)  200  180 BC 

8 zhu ban liang 
半两  ban liang  8 zhu (铢)  186 BC  ??? 
Empress Lu 
8 zhu ban
liang 
半两  ban liang  8 zhu (铢)
with flower hole 
186 BC  ???  Empress Lu 
5 parts ban liang 
半两  ban liang  5 parts (wu fen 五分)  182 BC  Empress Lu Hou 
4 zhu ban liang 
半两  ban liang  4 zhu (铢)  175 BC  Wen 
4 zhu ban
liang with reversed inscription 
两半  liang ban 
4 zhu (铢)  175119 BC  
ban
liang coins with dots 
半两  ban liang  4 zhu (铢) coins with stars  175119 BC  
ban
liang coins with crescents 
半两  ban liang  4 zhu (铢)
coins with moons 
175119 BC  
ban liang
coins with lines 
半两  ban liang  4 zhu (铢)
coins with lines 
175119 BC  
ban liang
coins with numbers 
半两  ban liang  4 zhu (铢)
coins with numbers 
175119 BC  
Jun Guo five zhu
coin 
君国五 铢  jun guo wu zhu  wu zhu (wu shu) 
118115 BC 
Commandaries
(Jun) and Principalities (Guo) 
five
zhu coin with reverse inscription 
五铢  wu zhu  wu zhu (wu shu) 
118 BC  25AD 
Type 
Inscription 
Pinyin 
Small Spade, One Hundred  小布一百  xiao bu yi bai 
Baby Spade, Two Hundred  么布二百  yao bu er bai 
Juvenile Spade, Three Hundred  幼布三百  you bu san bai 
Ordered Spade, Four Hundred  序布四百  xu bu si bai 
Servant Spade, Five Hundred  差布五百  cha bu wu bai 
Middle Spade, Six Hundred  中布六百  zhong bu liu bai 
Adult Spade, Seven Hundred  壮布七百  zhuang bu zi bai 
Graduate Spade, Eight Hundred  第布八百  di bu ba bai 
Lower Spade, Nine Hundred  次布九百  ci bu jiu bai 
Large Spade, Weight One Thousand  大布黄千  da bu heng qian 
Type 
Inscription 
Pinyin 
Small Coin, Value One  小泉直一  xiao quan zhi yi 
Baby Coin, Ten  么泉一十  yao quan yi shi 
Juvenile Coin, Twenty  幼泉二十  you quan er shi 
Middle Coin, Thirty  中泉三十  zhong quan san shi 
Adult Coin, Forty  壮泉四十  zhuang quan si shi 
Large Coin, Fifty  大泉五  da quan wu shi 
Type: 
Inscription: 
Pinyin: 
Description: 
Years Cast: 
Wang Mang
large coin fifty 
大泉五十  da quan wu shi  large coin fifty with incused radiating lines (四出)  714 
Wang
Mang knife money 
金错刀  jin cuo dao  one knife worth
five thousand 
79 
Wang Mang Spades 
幼布三百  you bu san bai  juvenile spade,
three hundred 
1014 
Wang Mang money spade 
货布  huo bu  money spade 
1423 
Wang Mang
wealth/money coin 
货泉  huo quan  wealth/money coin 
14?? 
Wang Mang biscuit
coin 
货泉  huo quan (bing qian) 
wealth/money
biscuit or cake coin 
14?? 
Wang Mang
spade coin 
布泉  bu quan  spade coin 
14?? 
Description: 
Inscription:  Pinyin:  Special
Characteristic: 
five zhu coins with reverse inscription  铢五  wu zhu  wu
zhu (wu shu) coins with reverse inscriptions 
five zhu
coins with dots 
五 铢  wu zhu  wu
zhu (wu shu) coins with stars 
five zhu
coins with circles 
五 铢  wu zhu  wu zhu (wu shu) coins with suns 
five
zhu coins with numbers 
五 铢  wu zhu  wu
zhu (wu shu) coins with numbers 
five zhu
coins with rod numbers 
五 铢  wu zhu  wu
zhu (wu shu) coins with rod numbers 
five zhu
coins with lines 
五 铢  wu zhu  wu
zhu (wu shu) coins with lines 
five
zhu coins with characters and symbols 
五 铢  wu zhu  wu zhu (wu shu)
coins with characters and symbols 
five
zhu coin with flower hole, dots, number and
character 
五 铢  wu zhu  wu zhu (wu shu) coin with flower hole, stars, and number "2" or character gong (工) 
Inscription:  Pinyin:  Special
Characteristic: 
Years Cast  Kingdom 
直百五铢  zhi
bai wu zhu 
fish symbol on
reverse side 
214 
Shu 
太平百钱  tai ping bai qian  221265  Shu 

太平百钱  tai ping bai
qian 
very small
with flower hole 
221265  Shu 
Inscription: 
Pinyin: 
Years Cast: 
Kingdom: 
丰货  feng huo 
319352 
Later Zhou 
Inscription:  Pinyin:  Years Cast  Emperor 
五行大布  wu xing da bu  574576 
Wu 
Inscription  Pinyin  Special
Characteristic: 
Years cast  Emperor 
开元通宝  kai yuan tong bao  flower hole 
621907  Gao Zu 
开元通宝  kai yuan tong bao  dot (star) on
obverse, crescent (moon) on reverse 
621907 
Gao Zu 
乾元重宝  qian yuan zhong bao  auspicious
cloud and crescent (moon) on reverse 
759762 
Su Zong 
乾元重宝  qian yuan zhong
bao 
ordinary one
cash coin with flower hole 
759762  Su Zong 
乾元重宝  qian yuan zhong
bao 
Value Fifty
with double rim reverse, flower hole 
759762 
Su Zong 
顺天元宝  shun tian yuan bao  crescent
(moon) on reverse 
759761 
Shi Siming 
大历元宝 
da li yuan bao 
flower hole 
766779 
Dai Zong 
开元通宝  kai yuan tong bao 
Hui Chang Kai Yuan
cast at Yan Prefecture with flower hole 
845846 
Wu Zong 
Inscription  Pinyin  Years cast  Special
Characteristic: 
Emperor 
天汉元宝  tian han yuan bao  917 
flower (rosette) hole  King Wang Jian 
乾德元宝  qian de yuan bao 
919924 
flower (rosette)
hole 
Wang Yan 
汉元通宝  han yuan tong bao  947948 
Gao Zu 

周元通宝  zhou yuan tong bao  955??? 
Shi Zong 

大唐通宝  da tang tong bao  959961 
Yuan Zu (Li
Jing) 

开元通宝  kai
yuan tong bao (lead coin) 
900971 
Liu Yan of
Southern Han 
Inscription  Pinyin  Special
Characteristic: 
Years cast  Emperor 
太 平通宝  tai ping tong bao  li script 
976989 
Tai Zong 
至道元宝  zhi dao yuan bao 
running script 
995997  Tai Zong 
景德元宝 
jing de yuan bao 
regular script 
10041007 
Zhen Zong 
样符元宝  xiang
fu yuan bao 
regular script 
10081016  Zhen Zong 
天禧通宝  tian xi tong bao  regular script 
10171022  Zhen Zong 
天圣元宝  tian
sheng
yuan bao 
regular script  10231031 
Ren Zong 
明道元宝  ming dao yuan bao  regular script 
10321033  Ren Zong 
皇宋通宝  huang song tong bao  seal script 
10391054  Ren Zong 
至和通宝  zhi he tong bao 
regular script 
10541055  Ren Zong 
至和通宝  zhi he tong bao 
seal script  10541055 
Ren Zong 
嘉祐通寳  jia you tong bao  seal script 
10561063  Ren Zong 
治平元宝  zhi ping yuan bao 
seal script  10641067  Ying Zong 
治平元宝  zhi ping yuan
bao 
regular script 
10641067 
Ying Zong 
治平通宝 
zhi ping tong bao 
seal script 
10641067 
Ying Zong 
熙宁元宝  xi ning yuan bao  regular script 
10681077  Shen Zong 
熙宁元宝  xi ning yuan bao 
seal script 
10681077  Shen Zong 
熙宁重宝  xi ning zhong bao 
seal script,
large cash coin 
10711077 
Shen Zong 
熙宁重宝  xi ning zhong bao 
regular script, large cash coin  10711077  Shen Zong 
元丰通宝  yuan feng tong bao  running script
with engraving 
10781085  Shen Zong 
元丰通宝  yuan feng tong bao 
seal script 
10781085  Shen Zong 
元祐通寳  yuan you tong bao  seal script  10861093  Zhe Zong 
元祐通寳  yuan you tong bao 
seal script,
large cash coin 
10861093  Zhe Zong 
元祐通寳  yuan you tong bao 
running style 
10861093  Zhe Zong 
绍圣元宝  shao sheng yuan bao  seal script  10941097  Zhe Zong 
绍圣元宝  shao sheng yuan
bao 
seal script,
large cash coin 
10941097  Zhe Zong 
绍圣元宝  shao sheng yuan
bao 
running script 
10941097  Zhe Zong 
元符通宝  yuan fu tong bao 
seal script 
10981100 
Zhe Zong 
圣宋元宝  sheng
song yuan bao 
seal script  11011106 
Hui Zong 
圣宋元宝  sheng song yuan bao  running script  11011106  Hui Zong 
崇宁重宝  chong ning zhong bao  10 Cash, li
script 
1102  1106  Hui Zong 
崇宁重宝  chong ning zhong
bao 
10 Cash with
engraving 
1102  1106  Hui Zong 
大观通宝  da guan tong bao  slender gold
script 
11071110  Hui Zong 
政和通宝  zheng he tong bao  seal script 
11111117  Hui Zong 
宣和通宝  xuan he tong bao  seal script  11191125  Hui Zong 
Inscription  Pinyin  Special
Characteristic: 
Years cast  Emperor 
绍兴元宝  shao xing yuan bao  2 Cash, seal
script, moon and star, flower (rosette) hole 
11311162  Gao Zong 
绍兴元宝  shao xing yuan
bao 
2 Cash,
regular script, moon and star on reverse 
11311162  Gao Zong 
淳熙元宝  chun xi yuan bao 
Large cash
coin, regular script, moon and star on reverse 
11741189 
Xiao Zong 
绍熙元宝  shao xi yuan bao  regular
script, yuan
(元) on reverse 
11901194 
Guang Zong 
庆元通宝  qing yuan tong bao  san (三) on
reverse, flower (rosette) hole 
1195  1200  Ning Zong 
绍定通宝  shao ding tong bao 
liu (六)
on reverse, flower (rosette) hole 
1233 
Li Zong 
开庆通宝  kai qing tong bao 
yuan (元)
on reverse, flower (rosette) hole 
1259 
Li Zong 
Inscription 
Pinyin 
Years
cast 
Emperor 
千秋万岁  qian qiu wan sui 
938 
Tai Zong 
重熙通宝  chong xi tong bao  10321055  Xing Zong 
大安元宝  da an yuan bao 
10851093  Dao Zong 
寿昌元宝  shou chang yuan bao  10951101  Dao Zong 
乾统元宝  qian tong yuan bao  11011110  Tian Zuo 
天庆元宝  tian qing yuan bao  11111120  Tian Zuo 
Inscription 
Pinyin 
Years Cast 
Emperor 
正隆元宝  zheng long yuan bao  11581161 
Wan Yan Liang
(King Hai Ling) 
大定通宝  da ding tong bao  11781189 
Shi Zong 
泰和重宝  tai he zhong bao  12041209  Zhang Zong 
Inscription 
Pinyin 
Special
Characteristic: 
Years Cast 
Emperor 
洪武通宝  hong wu tong bao  flower (rosette)
hole 
13681398 
Tai Zu 
洪武通宝  hong wu tong bao 
dot (star) on
obverse, crescent (moon) on reverse 
13681398  Tai Zu 
永乐通宝  yong le tong bao  flower (rosette)
hole 
14031424  Cheng Zu 
万历通宝  wan li tong bao  4 dots (stars)
on obverse 
15731620  Shen Zong 
万历通宝  wan li tong bao 
chop marks on
rim 
15731620  Shen Zong 
崇祯通宝  chong zhen tong bao  tai ping
(太 平) on
reverse 
16281644 
Si Zong 
崇祯通宝  chong zhen tong bao 
flower (rosette)
hole 
16281644  Si Zong 
Inscription  Pinyin  Years Cast  Emperor 
康熙通宝  kang xi tong bao  1713  Sheng Zu 
康熙通宝  kang xi tong bao
with engraved rims (Jinan mint) 
16671670 
Sheng Zu 
雍正通宝  yong zheng tong
bao 
17271729  Shi Zong 
嘉庆通宝  jia qing tong bao  17961820  Ren Zong 
祺祥重宝  qi xiang zhong bao  1861 
Inscription  Pinyin  Years Cast 
太 平天国  tai ping tian
guo 
18611864?? 